Working time and environmental pressures revisited: A dynamic Panel Data Approach
Authors: Qinglong Shao, Beatriz Rodriguez-Labajos, Giorgos Kallis
Abstract: There is a growing interest on the correlation between working time and environmental pressures, but prior empirical studies mostly focused on static methodologies, regarding country samples and research periods as a whole in the analysis. This article employs various static and dynamic panel regression approaches to examine the relationship among 55 countries worldwide over the period 1980-2010, and proved the existence of significant strong relations in all models. Further, we find the effects of work hours on carbon emission in developed economies are more significant than developing counterparts in general. Significant correlations at 1% level existed before 2000 are vanished in the last ten year research periods (2001-2010), by using interaction terms. We contribute to a further understanding of the environmental effects of working time reduction policy by comparing the differences among various periods and country groups under sys-GMM dynamic framework.
Reduction of Work Time in Austria: A Mixed-Methods Study Relating a New Work Time Policy to Employee Preferences
Authors: Stefanie Gerold, Matthias Nocker
Abstract: This mixed-methods study examines factors determining employees’ desire to reduce worktime. The results of a binary logit regression model, based on data from the Austrian Microcencus 2012, suggest that employees who prefer shorter weekly working hours are older, higher educated and work longer hours in white-collar positions, compared to those who do not wish to change their hours. Gender differences are greatest in terms of household and family characteristics, supporting the ‘male breadwinner & part-time’ model. Qualitative interviews have been conducted among employees who had the possibility to choose between a pay increase and equivalent leisure time via a new worktime policy (“Freizeitoption”) implemented in 2013. The results suggest that employees with higher education tend to reduce worktime. The fact that money is valued from a long-term, security perspective, as well as the tendency of assessing work performances by output indicators can be regarded as major obstacles for worktime reductions.
Mutations of Freight Transport and Logistics in Green Economy
Authors: Félicie Drouilleau
Abstract: Based on about twenty qualitative interviews with actors of logistics and freight transport, whether they work in Social Economy or in the industry’s big businesses, this research in sociology and anthropology seeks to address the specific ways the Social Economy networks deal with the mutations of their professional practices and knowledge. In contrast with the so called “sustainable management” actually coercive and hierarchical, Social Economy is experimenting with a highly horizontal, cooperative construction of the new work organisation along with it’s transmission in very local networks. But employment quality in sustainable logistics and freight transport businesses carried out by the Social Economy is lowered by the lack of commitment of public actors, thus relying mostly on an activist, volunteer work-force. This communication is based on a multi-annual research project on “green employment” in France (Céreq, 2013-2016).
The centrality of decent work in a healthy, post-growth society
Authors: Katherine Trebeck
Abstract: Work that is of high quality and fairly distributed can play a significant part in concretising the shifts required to take the economy beyond GDP growth. The way we manage, value, structure, and reward work impacts individuals and wider society and economy. This paper seeks to apply evidence of the social determinants of health to labour market outcomes. It outlines how the labour market in the UK is failing to deliver positive outcomes for enough people and then sets out evidence of the link between the nature of work and health. It shows how good work, shared and supported, might become a mechanism to create healthy citizens and communities. Discussion considers aspects of what any definition of decent work might encompass before briefly reflecting on some policy changes required to create more decent work and share it more widely in a post-growth era.