Analyzing REDD+ as “a pilot” of transformative climate governance
Authors: Kaisa Korhonen-Kurki, Maria Brockhaus
Abstract: This paper will analyze REDD+ as “a pilot” of transformative climate governance. The study is a part of Global Comparative Study in REDD+, underway in 13 REDD+ countries, from where the empirical evidence is drawn. We ask what kind of policy innovations REDD+ has induced in domestic policy arenas, and what is the transformative power of these innovations? We draw loosely from transition theory to better understand the possibilities and barriers of REDD+ for transformative shift in climate governance. Preliminary results indicate that there are several policy innovations indicating transformative potential of REDD+ and it seems that REDD has a potential to be a catalyst for a transformational change. However, the slow progress in REDD+, indicates strong resistance to move away from business as usual practices.
Multi-level governance and synergies between forest related climate change mitigation and adaptation policies in Indonesia
Authors: Monica Di Gregorio, Dodik Ridho Nurrochmat, Intan Maya Sari, Sonya Dyah Kusuma Dewi
Abstract:This paper explores the advantages and disadvantages of integrating climate change mitigation and adaptation policies related to forests in Indonesia, and the structural and political challenges and opportunities associated with fostering integration in national policy processes across scales. It tests a number of theoretical arguments in support of such policy integration against evidence from multi-level policy processes in Indonesia.
Mitigation and adaptation perspectives in sustainable land reform settlements in the North-west of Mato Grosso, Brazil
Authors: Peter May, Robert Davenport, Paulo Nunes
Abstract: Agrarian reform beneficiaries at the tropical forest fringe in the Brazilian Amazon are vulnerable to both environmental and economic stresses that have led them to unsustainable land uses. Environmental stresses have arisen from unusually dry conditions in the Amazon region that may presage global climate change. Price instability and infrastructure deterioration threaten the viablity of commodity production, while pasture conversion of native forests and livestock production emerge as the next best option to survive at the frontier. Our study shows how settlers have resisted pressures toward destructive land use by registering collective property rights over common forestlands to comply with environmental legislation, while at the same time managing these forests for non-timber products. Channeled toward more remunerative markets and institutional uses in regional school lunch programs with government regulated minimum pricing has brought the value of Brazil nuts and other forest products and services higher, providing greater returns to farmers.
Is Carbon gender neutral? Adaptation mitigation gendered linkages in the dry forest context of Burkina Faso
Authors: Houria Djoudi
Abstract: Climate change and variability appears most likely to negatively affect poor people, particularly women. Tendencies to widen existing gender inequalities as well as divergences in the adaptive strategies of men and women have been observed. Hence, without taking into account underlying issues of vulnerability mitigation interventions based on management and use of natural resources, can oversee and even amplifies the root causes of vulnerability. This paper aims to better explore the gendered trade-offs and synergies between adaptation needs and mitigation efforts. Using quantitative and qualitative approaches including participatory focus group discussions, household surveys and carbon stock assessment of the most common land uses, we analyse the synergies between adaptation and mitigation in two geographical zones of Burkina Faso. The results show that compared to land uses with formal restricted access, community forestry and well managed Shea butter parkland show promising mitigation and adaptation gender outcomes.