Lay people bring the positive message: Participatory system mapping for sustainable consumption
Authors: Gabriella Kiss, György Pataki, Gábor Király, Alexandra Köves
Abstract: One of the most important arguments for participatory planning and research is that it could merge the different type of knowledge from experts and lay people. It has enormous importance in the field of transition to sustainable society especially in the topic of sustainable consumption, a key concept in the de-growth paradigm. Visualization in participatory research may add more dimensions to enhance communication, cooperation and understanding among participants and researchers as well. In our study we used participatory system mapping to find out more about the constructed mental models of participants on the topic of sustainable consumption. In our exploratory study for sustainable consumption two panels were organized and we could analyze the visualization of the different mental models of an expert and a lay panel. The different focal points the two panels have chosen provides opportunities to draw significant lessons for policy making.
Dynamic decision making in coupled social ecological systems. Integration of small-scale farmers’ goals, resources and strategies for natural resource management in Amhara region, Ethiopia
Authors: Birgit Kopainsky, Krystyna Stave
Abstract: Ethiopia exhibits very high food insecurity and land degradation levels. Food systems in this region thus face the challenge of undergoing considerable transformations. Efforts to conserve soil while at the same time providing food for a growing and more demanding population are dynamic decision making tasks that involve a wide range of stakeholders. In this study, we analyze data from in-depth interviews with small-scale farmers in Amhara region. We re-represent their knowledge about natural resource management in causal-loop diagrams. Our data provides a rich description of farmers’ dynamic decision making and their capacity to deal with existing and future challenges related to their livelihoods. As farmers need an enabling environment to successfully adapt in the longer term, we reflect on the use of participatory system dynamics modeling both to validate and expand farmers’ perspectives and to integrate perspectives of additional stakeholders such as change agents, researchers and policy-makers.
Participatory modelling in ecological economics: applications, best practices and future challenges
Authors: Nuno Videira, Paula Antunes, Rui Santos
Abstract: Integrative modelling approaches support the development of long-term solutions for the transition to a sustainable society, promoting a holistic understanding of the interrelationships between biophysical, social and economic systems. In recent years, several participatory modelling applications to ecological economics issues have been developed, using a diversity of methods and tools for stakeholder engagement and knowledge integration. This paper aims to explore advances in participatory modelling and bring to the fore the role of system dynamics, as well as other integrative and multi-method modelling approaches, in supporting sustainability transitions. The paper provides a theoretical background to the special session “7.3. Advancing participatory modelling approaches for sustainability transitions” and includes a systematic review of recent methodological innovations, as well as recommendations for future applications related to the conference themes. An extended discussion will be promoted on best practices, challenges and research opportunities for advancing the science and empirical developments in participatory modelling.