Take 7: 7 families. 7 PV panels. 7 pro-sumers. 1 estate - Shining a light on energy demand, flexibility & resilience to fuel poverty
Authors: Nicolette Fox
Abstract: A low carbon network needs increased flexibility of demand to cope with intermittent renewables. “Pro-sumers” – producers and consumers – of renewable energy offer such potential, however a recent study of solar PV owners suggests that free off-peak electricity was not actively utilised. This UK study explores what happens when seven families, who are vulnerable to fuel poverty, are given solar panels. Using a social practice approach, this six-month longitudinal study shows that households are quick to adapt certain practices to utilise their solar electricity, although as the seasons changed they were increasingly unsure of how much energy they were generating and could therefore use. The majority also started to develop other strategies to help them save more money on energy costs. Initial findings suggest that active pro-sumers not only offer flexibility to the grid, but also the potential to improve resilience to fuel poverty.
The drivers and barriers to battery pack drop-off intention perceived by Belgian households
Authors: Sebastien Lizin, Miet Van Dael, Rob Hoogmartens, Steven Van Passel
Abstract: This research aims to investigate the drivers and barriers to battery pack drop-off intention perceived by Belgian households. It is the first study looking specifically at this specific type of recycling. A standardized online survey, extending the framework provided by the Theory of Planned Behaviour by incorporating measures on objective knowledge, the perception of the consequences, moral norms, end-of-life habits and the perceived effectiveness of BEBAT’s actions, has been made. Data was collected during the 11/2014-01/2015 period and processed using partial least squares structural equation modelling. A moderate to strong R² of 0.62 was found, signalling that our model predicts the drop-off intention well. Based on the size of the path coefficients we can conclude that perceived behavioral control, moral norm, and consequences have the largest influence on the intention to drop-off battery packs as soon as they become unnecessary.
An institutional analysis of agroecological systems: between practices, organizations and values
Authors: Gaël Plumecocq, Michel Duru, Jean-Pierre Sarthou, Olivier Thérond
Abstract: Agroecology is broadly defined as a set of agroecosystem management practices and agroindustrial organizations accounting for sustainable impacts of food production and transformation. However, there are many ways to account for the environment. The aim of this presentation is to categorize forms of agroecology according to management practices and institutional features, in regard to the conventional system of agriculture. We used the “Efficiency-Substitution-Redesign” framework and the model of “the economies of worth” linking values and material set-up, both justifying and framing practices to highlight five agroecological behavioral archetypes. We found that (i) conventional French agriculture, generally described as a domestic model, is actually deeply rooted into industrial values, (ii) some agroecological models do not represent fundamental shortage with the conventional model, while (iii) other require a deep redesign of farming systems and even local rural systems. Implications of such findings in terms of regulation advices for decision-makers are then discussed.
Collaborative economy - theories of practice approach
Authors: Katarzyna Gruszka
Abstract: Situated in the framework of socio-ecological transformations towards more sustainable consumption and production, this study explores the concept of collaborative economy. While currently struggling with definitional issues, collaborative economy broadly refers to the resurgence of traditional models of consumption, production, and service provision embodied in e.g. sharing, lending, swapping, and bartering. Through placing access over ownership, collaborative economy claims to reinvent what and how we consume and produce. In the study, collaborative economy is viewed through the lens of theories of practice, specifically taking the element of meaning under scrutiny. The discourse of key advocates of the collaborative movement is investigated (qualitative content analysis), and complemented by the data from a definition-focused Q study. As a result, an attempt of rendering the meaning ingredient of collaborative practices is made particularly in terms of the highlighted values, ideas and beliefs shaping the practice, with the materialistic and post-materialistic character.