Renewal of manufacturing towards sustainable circular bioeconomy: Analysis of new business models from a transitions perspective
Authors: Paula Kivimaa, Tiina Jääskeläinen, Armi Temmes, Åke Thidell
Abstract: Renewal of manufacturing has arisen as a particular innovation policy goal in some Western countries due to a declining and globally relocating manufacturing industry. Previously industrial renewal has been discussed particularly in the context of regional restructuring, while we take a broader outlook through linking renewal to circular economy in the context of globalised business models and product value chains. Our aim is to examine novel business models as part of renewal of manufacturing in the context of circular economy transitions. Empirically, the study analyses the renewal of forest-based industries towards a circular bioeconomy in Finland and Sweden. Specific attention is paid to the role of incumbents in forming new business models for circular economy by utilising concepts of path dependence and path renewal.
Contractualising functionality: valuing performance through cooperative relationships’ enhancement efforts
Authors: Clément Morlat, Benoît Mougenot
Abstract: The functional economy now appears to enter in the age of maturity. However, this paper will offer proposals to preserve the original objectives, guarantors of a possible ecological transition. The first part recalls the main elements that mark the shift that occurs from an approach focused on technical rationales, governing through a model of services commercialisation, to another approach founded on a more socioeconomic and cooperative rationale, which is needed for functional economy. The paper will then open new opportunities of contracting for conducting the emergence of new players and their participation on innovative projects’ financing and implementation. Finally, in light of these new paradigms, the paper concludes with a contribution in terms of accounting approach to territorial cooperative performance contracting and reporting practices co-evolution.
Households’ motivation and barriers for utility service-performance contracts
Authors: Christof Knoeri, Sally Russell, Julia Steinberger, Katy Roelich
Abstract: End-user centred infrastructure operation through service-performance contracting has been seen as a valuable business opportunity while at the same time reducing resource consumption of infrastructure services. Research on energy service contracting has identified that domestic end-users’ acceptance of service contracting arrangements may be a barrier to the mainstream adoption of a change in infrastructure services. In this research we examine end-user behaviours in the current UK context of utility provision and compare responses with those of future scenarios of service and service-performance infrastructure provision. This contrast allows for an analysis of the extent to which domestic end-users may be willing to accept intervention from service providers. We present the theoretical background, survey design and procedure, and introduce a set of testable behavioural hypothesis. In the conference contribution we will present the full results of the survey and highlight implications for future research and practice.
Sustainability as an entrepreneurial opportunity
Authors: Annika Scharbert, Sigrid Stagl
Abstract: In light of multiple crises, a systemic view is taken to analyse transformative processes at multiple levels with a specific focus on change agents. Starting with the conventional understanding of entrepreneurs as change agents acting through creative destruction, this paper aims to understand the contribution of entrepreneurship to socio-ecological transformation. Entrepreneurship is understood as a specific social practice, based on the specific habitus of the ability to not only recognize but also exploit entrepreneurial opportunities. However, enterprises do not act in isolation but within wider networks. As such, changes in how enterprises are structured, leads to changes in societal institutions, including the economy. Accordingly, the analysis of sustainability-driven entrepreneurship provided here (based on empirical research in Vienna) hopes to show the wider social diffusion of (more) sustainable practices of both production and consumption, thus highlighting the potential of micro change agents to bring about macro-level change.