Structuring the EU’s resource efficiency data base. A policy driven indicator approach.
Authors: Oliver Zwirner
Abstract: EU resource efficiency policy documents include a multitude of data and indicators that support the need for such policies and point to the benefits for businesses, consumers and the environment. Based on an analysis of EU policy documents with respect to data, indicators and potentially measurable concepts, this paper identifies the policy demand for indicators and proposes an innovative comprehensive overall framework to organise the ‘numerical knowledge’ on EU resource efficiency policies. The main framework suggested and tested follows the steps of the economic production chain from the availability of natural resources, to extraction, industry input, efficiency of production and consumption, circular economy and environmental impacts. To cope with the heterogeneity of data, principles for sub-structuring are suggested. By using the suggested framework stakeholders of resource efficiency policies could work together more constructively and effectively to make the wealth of available data accessible for public and private decision support.
A common structure for the measurement of socio-ecological performance
Authors: Angela Koeppl, Claudia Kettner, Sigrid Stagl
Abstract: Special session: “Resource efficiency: What are we measuring?”
Questioning GDP as dominant indicator for economic performance has become commonplace. Despite international efforts, few well-being and ecological variables are used in macroeconomic models. The reasons for this range from path dependencies in modelling, technical limitations, indicator lists being long and unworkable, the choice of indicators appearing ad hoc and secondary data missing. We review key theoretical approaches for well-being and identify candidate variables for socio-ecological performance and analyse their availability in public statistics. In the selection of indicators we account for the biophysical and social dimensions and stress the role of stock-flow interactions that generate well-being relevant services.
European Energy Market Integration: Efficiency Improvements in Electricity Producing Firms
Authors: Ferran Armada
Abstract: In this paper we review and use different methods to measure and compare efficiency scores in energy producing plants. In particular we use non-parametric and parametric techniques. We focus our attention in electricity producing power plants in eighteen European countries as well as in thirty energy systems as a whole. This paper also state some preliminary results like: efficiency has widely improved in the period studied, but these positive results are not homogeneous among energy systems or firms. We present some evidence that the greatest part of the energy improvement is consequence of the technological shift and not necessarily due to alternative factors such as market integration, increasing competition or other firm level decisions.
Incorporating Resource Efficiency Indicators to Climate Change Scenarios: Insights from Recent GINFORS Simulations
Authors: Gerd Ahlert, Martin Distelkamp, Mark Meyer
Abstract: The concept of Shared Socio-economic Pathways (SSPs) originated from IPCC activities for projecting future climate change. It has been developed along the dimensions of challenges to mitigation and to adaptation and is thus being frequently applied in emission and climate scenario studies. Environmental studies focussing on other challenges than climate change, however, have not discussed the implied environmental pressures of individual SSP scenarios very intensively until now. Referring to the significant and still growing importance of resource efficiency measures for national as well as international political agendas, this circumstance might be perceived as rather astonishing. At least, it hints to remaining research tasks in the ecological economics literature. In this regard, our paper is intended to proceed a step forward: We present results from model-based simulation studies which integrate the environmental dimension of global resource extractions to the SSP framework. The applied modelling framework is given by the GINFORS model.